Former coup maker Andry Rajoelina governs
Madagascar along with a government consisting of his
party alliance We All with President Rajoelina. Since
the mid-2010s, the country has experienced a less
turbulent time than the crisis years 2009–2014.
Investments in education and poverty reduction have
produced some results.
The controversial Rajoelina has been at the center of
politics in Madagascar since 2009 when he took power
through a military coup. He was then the country's
highest political leader until January 2014, when his
favorite Hery Rajaonarimampianina took over as president
after an election victory in late 2013. Thereafter,
Rajoelina ruled behind the scenes until 2018 when he won
the presidential election.
Country facts and history of Madagascar, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
Following Rajoelina's takeover of power in 2009,
Madagascar became an isolated country, excluded from
international cooperation, deprived of aid, and viewed
with suspicion by investors and tourists. Domestic
policy was tumultuous. Rajoelina tried to give her
government legitimacy through power-sharing agreements
with other politicians, all of whom failed.
When Rajaonarimampianina took office as president,
the change of power from coup leader to popular
president meant that Madagascar could begin the path
toward political and economic recovery after the crisis.
The country was again granted loans and external
assistance. Rajaonarimampianina's reign became more
stable than Rajoelina's and a certain economic recovery
could be made with new investments in, among other
things, education and poverty reduction.
In April 2018, however, violent demonstrations broke
out in the capital Antananarivo against new electoral
laws that the opposition believed would benefit
Rajaonarimampianina and his government. Two people were
killed in the protests, which soon turned to demands for
the president's resignation. When the protests went on
for almost two weeks, the army and police sent a request
to politicians to resolve the situation via the Minister
of Defense. Two days later, the Supreme Constitutional
Court announced that parts of the new electoral law
violated the Constitution and would be withdrawn.
In May, the Supreme Constitutional Court ordered the
president to dissolve his government and appoint a
temporary minister with the task of announcing elections
to the presidential post. In June, the politically
unbounded Christian Ntsay was appointed new prime
minister for a unifying government. He announced
presidential elections until November 7, 2018.
The election movement and the election day became
relatively calm. As no candidate received the 50 percent
of the votes required for victory in the first round, a
second and decisive round of voting was held on December
19 between Rajoelina and President Marc Ravalomanana,
who received the second most votes. When the Election
Authority announced that Rajoelina had won a clear
victory, the result was appealed by Ravalomanana who
claimed that Rajoelina cheated on the victory. In
January 2019, however, the Supreme Court upheld
Rajoelina's election victory and ruled that the fraud
charges were unfounded.
Later that month, Rajoelina presented her new
government. Christian Ntsay now became ordinary prime
minister over a somewhat lost government. Rajoelina said
he chose a small government to save money in times of
In the May 2019 parliamentary elections, Rajoelina's
ten-party alliance We All With President Rajoelina
strengthened his position and gained his own majority in
Follow the events trend in Calendar.
FACTS - POLITICS
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara / Republic of Madagascar /
Republic of Madagascar / Republic of Madagascar
republic, unitary state
Head of State
President Andry Rajoelina (2019–)
Head of government
Prime Minister Christian Ntsay (2018–)
Most important parties with mandates in the
All of us with President Rajoelina 84, I love
Madagascar 16, other parties 5, independent candidates
Main parties with mandates in the second most
With President Andry Rajoelina (Mapar) 49,
Ravalomanana Movement 19, Madagascar starting together
14, other parties and independent 65, invalidated
mandate 4 (2013)
54% in the first round of the 2018 presidential
election, 48% in the second round of the 2018
presidential election, 31% in the 2019 parliamentary
presidential elections 2023, parliamentary elections
Government-critical TV channel closes
Authorities close the government-critical private television channel Viva,
which is owned by the capital Antananarivo's mayor Andry Rajoelina.
Severe consequences after cyclone
The cyclone Ivan causes havoc. Nearly 100 people are killed and over 300,000
become homeless. The UN appeals for $ 36.4 million in aid to the affected areas.