Mauritius is a politically stable country
with a well-functioning multi-party system, where power
is shifted through free and universal elections. Since
no party is usually large enough to gain its own
majority in the National Assembly (Parliament), since
independence in 1968, the country has been governed by
changing coalition governments. In 2014-2016, the
country was ruled by the Militant Socialist Movement (MSM),
Mauritius Social Democratic Party (PMSD) and Muvman
Liberater (ML) with Anerood Jugnauth as Prime Minister.
At the end of 2016, PMSD left the government and shortly
thereafter Pravind Jugnauth took over as head of
government. His party MSM got its own majority in
parliament in the 2019 elections.
The 2014 parliamentary elections led to a change of
government when the People's Alliance
between the MSM and the PMSD unexpectedly won by a wide
margin over the Mauritius Workers Party
(MLP) and the Mauritius
militant movement (MMM), which
had entered into electoral cooperation. The Folkalliance
formed a new government under the leadership of veteran
politician Jugnauth from MSM. He thus became head of
government for the third time. The clear victory of the
Folk Alliance was thought to be due to promises of a
Country facts and history of Mauritius, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
In October of that year, President Rajkeswur Purryag
of MLP had, in accordance with the constitution,
dissolved the National Assembly before the election. The
following month, Election Day was decided on December
As is customary in Mauritanian politics, the various
parties positioned themselves before the election by
forming alliances with each other. Jugnauth, who was
previously also president, was at the forefront of the
new Folkalliance between MSM and PMSD, while MLP and MMM
started a election campaign. During the election
campaign, the People's Alliance mainly emphasized
economic issues. MLP and MMM, among other things, went
to elections for a promise to change the constitution so
that the president would be elected and not as today
elected by the National Assembly.
MLP and MMM's election loss became noticeable to the
then Prime Minister and MLP leader Navinchandra
Ramgoolam, who lost his seat in the National Assembly.
At the same time as the election, a referendum was held
to give the president increased powers, something the
voters said no.
President Purryag resigned at the end of May 2015. He
was replaced by Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, who had support
from both the government and the opposition. The vote in
Parliament on June 4 was mostly seen as a formality. She
took office as president the following day.
Pravind Jugnauth takes over
In early 2017, the shift took place at the Prime
Minister's post, when Anerood Jugnauth handed over the
responsibility of the government to his son Pravind. The
opposition demanded that new elections be held, but the
government did not agree.
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim did not stay long-term in the
presidential post. In March 2018, she announced that she
would step down as president after Mauritius celebrated
50 years as an independent nation after she was accused
of using a credit card from a voluntary private
On November 7, 2019, Mauritius held parliamentary
elections. It was won by the alliance
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FACTS - POLITICS
The Republic of Mauritius / The Republic of Mauritius
republic, unitary state
Head of State
President Prithvirajsing Roopun (2019–)
Head of government
Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth (2017–)
Most important parties with mandates in the
Militant Socialist Movement (MSM) 38, Mauritius
Workers Party 13, Mauritius Militant Movement (MMM) 9
Main parties with mandates in the second most
Folk Alliance 51, Labor Party MMM 16, Rodriguez
People's Organization (OPR) 2 (2014)
just under 77% in the November 2019 parliamentary
parliamentary elections 2024
Trade talks with the United States
The US and Mauritius initiate talks on deepened trade cooperation.
Chinese President Hu Jintao visits Mauritius.